NRRC monitors nuclear facilities and radiological practices to ensure that all safety and security requirements are achieved and met through the following basic oversight functions:
Notification and Authorization
When NRRC receives a license application for a nuclear facility or radiation practice, it applies the principles of radiation protection, namely: justification, optimization, and dose limit. Thereafter, it determines the requirements for such practice and notifies the applicant to fulfill them. The licensing phase takes various forms, starting with an exception, or simply registering when the practice poses no significant risk, or a single or possibly multi-stage license that begins with a nuclear facility site license or a practice site approval, and ends with a nuclear facility decommissioning license or termination of practice and decommissioning permit.
Review and Assessment
The purpose of this procedure is to ensure that the licensee shall fulfill all the requirements and controls that guarantee safety throughout the operation of the nuclear facility or in radiological practice, through a competent team within NRRC that reviews the nuclear and radiological protection program to verify the safety of the nuclear facility and radioactive practices to be licensed, based on the NRRC's standards.
A competent NRRC team will conduct an inspection visit to match the documents submitted to ascertain the safety aspects of the facility. The Panel then prepares a post-inspection report, which should include highlights of views and observations, including photographs, facts, and persons, "to correct action if needed," and may also be used in the subsequent enforcement process.
There are different types of inspection:
1. Announced inspection.
2. Unannounced surprise inspection.
3. Inspection for licensing (conformity and verification).
4. Inspection for renewal or modification of licenses.
5. Stage inspection (site, construction, pilot operation, routine operation).
It is a regulatory practice to correct irregular acts and irregularities committed by organizations or persons, and to impose systemic penalties.
Preparedness and emergency response
NRRC establish requirements for dealing with nuclear facilities and radioactive practices for nuclear and radiological emergencies by the licensee as soon as they occur. This includes the obligations of the licensee to report the incident early and immediately. NRRC also meets its obligations under the National Emergency Response Plan for Radiological and Nuclear Accidents (NERPRNA) to protect human beings and the environment and provides full readiness to deal with nuclear and radiological emergencies through the provision of capabilities, technical means and well-qualified manpower, equipment, and devices. If an accident occurs, NRRC provide will provide the best possible solutions and documented measurements to mitigate such incidents on humans and the environment.