NRRC regulates Nuclear facilities/activies and Radiation activies/facilities to ensure that all safety and security requirements are achieved and met through the following basic oversight functions:
Notification and Authorization:
Upon receiving an application for authorization, the NRRC applies the principles of radiation protection, namely: justification, optimization, and dose limit. Thereafter, it determines the requirements for such practice and notifies the applicant to fulfill them. The authorization phase takes various forms, starting with an exemption, or simply registering the activity or facility when the practice poses low significant risk, or a single or possibly multi-stage license that begins with authorization for siting, approval of activity, and ends with facility decommissioning or termination of activity.
Review and Assessment:
A competent team from the NRRC will perform the review and assessment to determine whether the applicable safety and security objectives and regulatory requirements are met. The authorization is granted based on satisfactory submission required by the NRRC.
Inspection is the process by which the NRRC determines whether the authorized person is in compliance with regulatory requirements and the authorization conditions. A competent team from NRRC conduct an inspection visit to verify that the activity and/or facility conform to the safety and security aspects. The post-inspection report with observations and comments, supported with record from photographs, facts, details of persons met, including relevant instruction for a corrective action is provided following the inspection. The report may also be used in the subsequent enforcement process.
There are different types of inspection conducted by the NRRC:
1. Announced inspection.
2. Unannounced inspection.
3. Inspection for authorization (conformity and verification).
4. Inspection for renewal or modification of authorization.
5- Multistage inspection (site, construction, commissioning, and operation)
It is a regulatory procedure to correct irregular acts and irregularities committed by authorized persons, and to impose systemic penalties.
Emergency Preparedness and Response:
NRRC sets requirements for the authorized person to be responsible for any potential occurrence of nuclear and radiological emergencies. This includes the obligations of the authorized person to immediately report for early incidence. NRRC is also responsible under the National Emergency Response Plan for Radiological and Nuclear Accidents (NERPRNA) for protecting the public and the environment through preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergencies. In this regard, NRRC also ensures the availability of technical capabilities and means, well-trained manpower, as well as the necessary equipment and devices. In the event of accidents, NRRC provides the best possible solutions and documented measures to mitigate the effects of these accidents on humans and the environment.